Antioxidants and doxorubicin supplementation to modulate CD14 expression and oxidative stress induced by vitamin D3 and seocalcitol in HL60 cells

Patrick Bondza-Kibangou, Christine Millot*, Victoria El Khoury, Jean Marc Millot

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (VD3) and the EB1089 analog are well known for their roles in the modulation of proliferation and the differentiation of several malignant cells. In addition, VD3 or EB1089 displayed a high disposal of oxidant features and the ability to cause release of reactive oxygen species (ROS). We attempted to enhance HL60 cell differentiation and to limit ROS generation, by the association of deltanoids with doxorubicin and the antioxidants catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and N-acetyl cystein (NAC). Differentiation of HL60 cells into monocytic lineage was studied by expression of mRNA, protein CD14 and functional differentiation by the nitroblue tetrazolium assay. The 2′,7′- dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (H2-DCFDA) dye allowed to evaluate in situ ROS generation. When associated with 0.1 nM EB1089, 15 nM doxorubicin induced an increase of differentiated cell percentage from 29% to 87% and did not affect VD3-treated cells. The association with doxorubicin also induced a significant increase of ROS release (p<0.05) versus VD3 and EB1089-treated cells. These results correspond to additivity of individual effects of doxorubicin and deltanoids. Antioxidant agents (10 nM NAC, 50 U/ml SOD or 2000 U/ml CAT) were associated with 10 nM VD3 or 1 nM EB1089 for 72 h. Compared to VD3 and EB1089 treatments, associations with antioxidants induced a slight increase of differentiated cells and a significant increase of CD14 mRNA. The highest differentiation effect occurred in the case of the EB1089-NAC association. Antioxidants induced a decrease (p<0.05) in ROS release generated by VD 3 or EB1089 near the level of untreated cells. Thus, antioxidant agents demonstrated a protective effect against VD3 and EB1089 oxidative cytotoxicity and an enhancement of the monocyte differentiation. Combinations of antioxidants with deltanoids could dissociate the oxidative stress and differentiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1513-1519
Number of pages7
JournalOncology Reports
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Differentiation
  • EB1089
  • HL60 cells
  • Oxidative stress


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