Anatomy of proximal attachment, course, and innervation of hamstring muscles: a pictorial essay

Karolina Stępień*, Robert Śmigielski, Caroline Mouton, Bogdan Ciszek, Martin Engelhardt, Romain Seil

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    20 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Hamstring injuries are very common in sports medicine. Knowing their anatomy, morphology, innervation, and function is important to provide a proper diagnosis, treatment as well as appropriate prevention strategies. In this pictorial essay, based on anatomical dissection, the detailed anatomy of muscle–tendon complex is reviewed, including their proximal attachment, muscle course, and innervation. To illustrate hamstrings’ role in the rotational control of the tibia, the essay also includes the analysis of their biomechanical function. Level of evidence V (expert opinion based on laboratory study).

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)673-684
    Number of pages12
    JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
    Volume27
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 14 Mar 2019

    Keywords

    • Biceps femoris
    • Hamstring
    • Hamstring anatomy
    • Hamstring injury
    • Muscle
    • Posterior thigh
    • Sciatic nerve
    • Semimembranosus
    • Semitendinosus

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