Analysis of short and long-term results of horizontal meniscal tears in young adults

E. Sallé de Chou*, N. Pujol, G. Rochcongar, T. Cucurulo, J. F. Potel, F. Dalmay, F. P. Ehkirch, C. Laporte, G. Le Henaff, R. Seil, C. Lutz, F. X. Gunepin, B. Sonnery-Cottet, the Société Française d'Arthroscopie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction Symptomatic horizontal meniscal tears are rare but worrisome lesions in young adults. These are overuse injuries not amenable to the classic arthroscopic sutures. An open meniscal repair allows the meniscal lesion to be suture vertically, perpendicular to its in the vascularized zone. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short and long-term clinical and radiological outcomes of the aforementioned surgical technique. Material and method The first cohort consisted of 24 patients operated between 2009 and 2011 (6 women, 18 men; mean age 26 years) having 11 lateral and 13 medial meniscal tears. The second cohort was of 10 patients operated between 2001 and 2002 (3 women, 7 men; mean age 24 years) having 8 lateral and 2 medial meniscal tears. Patients were reviewed at the last follow-up using the IKDC, Lysholm and KOOS scores. Patients in the first cohort had an MRI, while those in the second cohort had X-rays. Results Eighteen patients in the first cohort were reviewed with a mean follow-up of 2 years (12–45 months) and 9 patients from the second cohort were reviewed after 10 years (97–142 months). In the first cohort, one patient required secondary menisectomy. The mean Lysholm score was 90 and the subjective IKDC was 85. Every MRI examination found reduced extent and intensity of the hyperintense signal. In the second cohort, no patients required secondary meniscectomy. Two patients had joint space narrowing (less than 50%) on radiographs. The mean Lysholm score was 99 and the subjective IKDC was 91. Conclusion Open repair of horizontal meniscal tears in young adults leads to good subjective and objective results in the short term, which are maintained in the long-term. Level of evidence Level IV – retrospective study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S317-S322
JournalOrthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research
Volume101
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Arthroscopy
  • Meniscal repair
  • Meniscal tear
  • Meniscectomy
  • Meniscus

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