Analysis of sex-specific injury patterns and risk factors in young high-level athletes

A. Frisch, R. Seil, A. Urhausen, J. L. Croisier, M. L. Lair, D. Theisen*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    30 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This study analyzed sex-specific injury patterns and risk factors in young athletes (n=256) from 12 sport disciplines practicing at the national or the international level in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg. Injury occurrence as a result of sport practice was analyzed retrospectively over the year 2006 using a standardized self-administered questionnaire. Overall incidence was not different between girls and boys (1.20 and 1.21 injuries/1000 athlete-hours, respectively), but in the context of team sport competition girls tended to be at a greater risk (rate ratio 2.05, P=0.053). Girls had a higher proportion of injuries in the ankle/foot region compared with boys (34.8% vs 16.8%). No sex-related differences were found regarding injury severity. Multivariate logistic regression (controlling for age and practice volume) revealed that girls' team sports were associated with a greater injury risk compared with individual sports [odds ratio (OR) of 4.76], while in boys this was observed for racket sports (OR=3.31). Furthermore, physical or emotional stress tended to be a specific risk factor in girls. There was a tendency for injury outside sports to be coupled to a higher injury risk in girls and boys. Consideration of sex-specific injury patterns and risk factors could be of importance for effective injury prevention.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)834-841
    Number of pages8
    JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
    Volume19
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009

    Keywords

    • Injury incidence
    • Injury prevention
    • Logistic regression
    • Odds ratio
    • Sex

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