Activation of the adenosine-A3 receptor stimulates matrix metalloproteinase-9 secretion by macrophages

Emilie Velot, Benjamin Haas, Frédérique Léonard, Isabelle Ernens, Magali Rolland-Turner, Chantal Schwartz, Dan Longrois, Yvan Devaux, Daniel R. Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Aims: Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) plays an important role in ventricular remodelling after acute myocardial infarction (MI). The cardioprotectant adenosine (Ado) may be involved in ventricular remodelling. We have shown that Ado inhibits the secretion of MMP-9 by human neutrophils. This study investigated the effect of Ado on MMP-9 production by human macrophages. Methods and results: Cells used in this study were monocytes of healthy volunteers, a human monocyte cell line, and leukocytes from patients following MI. Monocytes were differentiated into macrophages and treated with Ado. Ado enhanced MMP-9 secretion by human macrophages in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Increasing the level of endogenous Ado by inhibition of Ado deaminase or Ado transferase also increased MMP-9 secretion. Ado enhanced MMP-9 production when macrophages were activated by hypoxia or Toll-like receptor-4 ligands such as lipopolysaccharide, hyaluronan, and heparan sulfate. The effect of Ado was replicated by the A3 agonist IB-MECA and inhibited by silencing the A3 receptor. Ado improved monocyte capacity to migrate through a matrix of gelatin B, and this effect was blocked by inhibition of MMP-9 activity. The chemotactic capacity of macrophages was reduced by Ado through a loss of expression of the monocyte chemotactic protein-1 receptor. Finally, MMP-9 expression was higher in blood cells from patients with acute MI compared with healthy volunteers. Conclusion: Adenosine activates MMP-9 secretion by macrophages through its A3 receptor. The effect is in contrast to that observed in neutrophils, where Ado inhibits MMP-9 secretion by the A2a receptor. These observations may have important implications for therapeutic strategies targeting Ado receptors in the setting of MI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-254
Number of pages9
JournalCardiovascular Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008


  • Adenosine
  • Cell migration
  • Matrix metalloproteinase-9
  • Monocytes/macrophages
  • Ventricular remodelling


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